Logos/Pathos/Ethos Abstract
There are three types of rhetorical appeals used in arguments to support claims. The first one is Logos whish relies on Logic or inductive and deductive reasoning. Inductive reasoning starts with specific evidence and draws a conclusion to represent a larger situation. Deductive reasoning does the opposite and begins with a generalization and then applies it to a specific case. There are some common errors that people use when reasoning that undermine the logic of their argument. One is making a hasty generalization where you rush to a conclusion without getting all the relevant facts. Another one is making a conclusion assuming that because something happened after another thing. The other thing must have caused it. Some people make a conclusion that oversimplifies the situation by reducing it to two choices. They don’t look at the in-between. Other times, people avoid the issue by stating an issue and then going off on something else. The second rhetorical appeal is Ethos which is an ethical appeal based on character or credibility. When establishing credibility as an author you should respect the reader by stating the opposing position accurately. You should also use credible, reliable sources to build your argument and organize your paper in a logical, easy to follow manner. At the end you should also proofread your paper. The third rhetorical appeal is pathos or the emotional appeal. You should use this if it will support your claim such as describing one thing instead of many to create more emotion.